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How does a foreigner who is working in China transfer his salary abroad?
As a foreigner who is working in China, do you come cross the mind that "how do I legally transfer money from the People’s Republic of China to my home country?" Unfortunately, it is often accompanied by well-intended but misguided advice such as using Alipay, Western Union or having a PRC national transfer it for you. This brief article explains how to transfer your salary in a safe, reliable and independent manner.
One important “alternative method” to mention is the notorious idea of transferring money through a PRC national friend. Whenever I hear such a proposal, I cannot help but to think of the typical story of the foreign national who bought a house under his girlfriend’s name, only to be kicked out when the deal was complete. The principle is the same, once the money is received there are no obligations for the PRC national to do a transaction, and trying to circumvent the law will rarely end in your favor.
Trying to circumvent the law will rarely end in your favor. So how do you send your salary home safely and legally?
The broad lines for purchasing foreign currencies are defined in the Measures for the Administration on Individual Foreign Exchange and the Detailed Rules for Implementing the Measures for the Administration on Individual Foreign Exchange. More practically, to transfer your salary internationally, you will need all your relevant employment documents:
• Work Permit ID card
• Employment Contract
• Income proof or original payroll affixed with the official seal of the employer (If you do the transfer at the bank that receives your wage, some banks may accept if your employer stated “wage” when transferring your salary)
• The information of the bank you are transferring money to (i.e. name of institution, SWIFT code, etc.)
• Tax Report
The tax report can be acquired at the local Tax Bureau. Simply bring your passport and request it.
Once all the documents are gathered, go to the bank and wait… for an hour or two. An international transfer is a two-step process with some paperwork: buying the foreign currency and the actual transfer, with most of the restrictions around foreign exchange rather than the transfer. Note that if you want to perform multiple international money transfers throughout the year, you will need to bring all the same documents every time, even if it is at the same bank and branch.
Why do we often hear about illegal methods?
It is because the transfer process is limited to your legitimate income (and becomes more complex beyond USD 50,000 in a calendar year). The bank will use the lowest amount between the tax paid and the wage received to determine the legitimate income, with some banks having stricter criteria. With the prevalence of individual income tax fraud by unscrupulous employers, this may cause problems, which highlights the importance of due diligence during the recruitment process and why you should walk away if there are any illegal proposals.
Other factors may bring additional hardship, such as your level of Mandarin, the clerk’s level of English, their experience dealing with such transactions, etc. Ask the bank for their list of requirements ahead of time and be prepared with an understanding of the process, as ultimately, it is your money.
Anyway, if you need any assistance, we are more than happy to offer our helping hand. For more information please contact us at: firstname.lastname@example.org
This article is a vulgarization of laws and regulations and does not constitute legal advice. The author is not responsible for any loss caused by using any information provided in this article.